What the media chooses to report and how they choose to report it can influence public opinion. For example, in a story about juvenile courts and court cases, author Kathleen Cullinan (2009) begins by writing, “Compared with the rest of the American judicial system, juvenile courts operate under water, beneath varying layers of secrecy. It is that way largely because it always has been. Or the story goes” (p. 4). Her words cleverly convey an opinion by which readers, many of whom are voters, may be influenced. This is just one small example among thousands; add to this coverage given to special interest groups and others who can capture the attention of news media and it is easy to see how public officials may be pressured to change law and public policy. To prepare for this Discussion:
- Review the article, “Time and News: The Media’s Limitations as an Instrument of Democracy.” Consider the extent to which the media can influence public opinion about politics.
- Review the article, “High-Conflict Television News and Public Opinion.” Think about how the media impacts public discourse of policies and laws.
- Review the article, “Media and Agenda Setting: Effects on the Public, Interest Group, Leaders, Policy Makers, and Policy.” Think about how journalists might affect the actions of policy makers.
- Review the course media “News Media—Law and Public Policy” with James O’Reilly. Reflect on how politicians use the media to support their political agenda.
- Reflect on the effects if the news media on law and public policy.
With these thoughts in mind:
Post by Day 4 an explanation of the effects of the news media on law and public policy. Be specific and use examples to support your explanation.
- Article: Cook, F. L., Tyler, T. R., Goetz, E. G., Gordon, M. T., Protess, D., Leff, D. R., et al. (1983). Media and agenda setting: Effects on the public, interest group leaders, policy makers, and policy. Public Opinion Quarterly, 47,16–35.
- Article: Forgette, R. & Morris, J. S. (2006). High-conflict television news and public opinion. Political Research Quarterly, 59(3), 447–456.
- Article: Patterson, T. E. (1998). Time and news: The media’s limitations as an instrument of democracy. International Political Science Review,19(1), 55–67
The future is up for grabs. It belongs to any and all who will take the risk and accept the responsibility of consciously creating the future they want.
—Robert Anton Wilson
The future of research and evaluation is clearly “up for grabs.” There is little doubt that managing public programs and nonprofit organizations in the future will be more complex than in the past. This increasing complexity will have a profound impaction research and evaluation. Researchers will surely have access to more information than in the past and will need to learn to use large amounts of information to make decisions about the effectiveness of programs and the success of policies. Technological advancements, resources limitations, and globalization are just a few of the ways that the landscape of research and evaluation will change in the future.
To prepare for this Discussion:
- Review Chapter 17 in your textbook, paying particular attention to the trends for the future of research and evaluation.
- Think about the evaluation design you used to evaluate the program, problem, or policy you selected for your Final Evaluation Design (Final Project).
- Consider the changes and trends in research and evaluation, and how the skills and insights you gained in this course may help promote social change in the future.
Post by Day 4 an explanation of what you think are the most important future trends in the field of research and evaluation. Explain how the skills and insights you gained from this course may help you promote social change in these areas.
- Johnson, G. (2014). Research methods for public administrators (3rd ed.). Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe.
- Chapter 17, “Communicating Research Results” (pp. 244–259)
- Chapter 18, “Conclusion: Research at the Intersection of Politics and Administration” (pp. 260–276)
200-300 words APA citation