ANSWER EACH QUESTION:
1.What tools/techniques were used in your design, such as quality function deployment, value stream mapping, and JIT? What technologies were used to support your design, such as concurrent engineering, computer-aided design, or value analysis? – Identify the tools, techniques, and technologies used in the design of your production plan.
2.Describe how you incorporated the concepts of lean operations and lean services in your design.- Explain how you will integrate lean operations and lean services in your production plan.
3. Identify the considerations needed for the sustainability of your production line and what specific efforts can minimize waste; consider end-of-life programs and the three R’s (reduce, reuse, recycle). Consider the phases of product design in your paper.-Discuss your considerations for sustainability to eliminate waste in each phase of your production plan.
4.As it applies to your business opportunity, consider the legal, cultural, global, and human involvement needed in your design. – Discuss the legal, cultural, global, and human involvement needed to implement your production plan.
Use attached paper as a reference of the company,
Use information below to answer questions
Use original work
Ask questions about company as the business is still new, I am the owner
In the early phase of the design process, there are a number of essential elements to consider when designing an efficient, effective, and sustainable system. The first step in the process is to ask the following questions:
Who will use the product/service?
What is the quantity and frequency of demand?
What are the price and cost considerations for the design?
Where is the demand for this new product/service?
What is the competition for this new product/service in the global marketplace?
What are the functional and human design considerations of the new product/service?
What level of quality and reliability must be built into the product/service to be competitive and profitable?
What are the legal/ethical considerations, including environmental issues?
What are the plans for retirement and discontinuation?
The design process is a cross-functional effort composed of members from various parts of the firm. For example, representatives from operations, engineering, marketing, finance, quality, legal, and environmental should be involved. This is done to ensure that the design will be viable and profitable in the marketplace.
In this module, students will consider the concepts of just-in-time manufacturing (JIT) and lean operations. It is prudent to ensure that JIT and lean operations are embedded throughout the design process. An example of JIT in a manufacturing process is the coordination of the arrival of raw materials used in production at a level that is just enough to support the production demand. There should be no excess of raw goods storage on the assembly line because it is a waste of inventory and involves the extra movement of material before it is needed.
Although JIT and lean operations were developed in the manufacturing industry, they are used in other industries. For example, the concept of JIT training is used in nonmanufacturing industries. JIT training involves delivering job training at the time an employee is expected to perform the new skills. An extension of lean operations in the service industry is the idea of the customer as employee. For example, in some fast food restaurants, customers are provided with cups and must pour their own soft drinks in an area away from the service counter.
The key thought behind lean operations is that it is a war on wastes at all levels of the operation. In most literature, the eight classic wastes are:
Transportation—movement of an unfinished product to another location for further processing
Inventory—excess to the minimum level needed for the demand
Motion—too many steps within a single processing site
Waiting—on anything, such as waiting for approval or inspections
Overprocessing—overly designed to meet essential requirements
Overproduction—making too many
Defects in quality
Underutilization of assets (people, facilities)
These constitute the TIMWOODU of wastes to be eliminated or mitigated in lean operations.