Leadership test

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  1. “Hybrid teams” describe teams that:
    meet across time and distance via various forms of communication technology.
    include some co-located members and some dispersed members.
    include people with multiple roles within an organization.
    evolve as organizations confront the many new forms of contemporary collaboration.

1 points

QUESTION 2

  1. The majority of multinational companies rely on teams who are:
    Virtual
    Geographically dispersed
    Require technology to interact
    All of the above

1 points

QUESTION 3

  1. Challenges that virtual teams experience include:
    fewer opportunities for collaboration across time and space
    less trust and more conflict
    fewer subgroups formed
    None of the above

1 points

QUESTION 4

  1. Which statement describes Shared Leadership?
    Members of a team take on leadership behaviors to influence the team and to maximize team effectiveness.
    It involves the sharing of influence by team members.
    Team members step forward when situations warrant, providing the leadership necessary, and then step back to allow others to lead.
    All of the above.

1 points

QUESTION 5

  1. Virtual teams are most effective when:
    There is one strong leader in a group
    There are subgroups
    When leadership is shared
    None of the above

1 points

QUESTION 6

  1. According to Hill’s model for team leadership effectiveness is accomplished through which two critical functions?
    Coaching and networking
    Performance and development
    Training and building commitment
    Facilitating decision and managing conflict

1 points

QUESTION 7

  1. requisite variety is achieved when…
    a leader’s behavior matches the complexity of the situation.
    behaviors of the leader meet the needs of a team.
    A leader is behaviorally flexible and practices a wide repertoire of actions or skills to meet the team’s diverse needs.
    All of the above.

1 points

QUESTION 8

  1. According to Larson and Lafasto (1989), a clear elevating goal, results-driven structure, unified commitment, and principled leadership are examples of
    Conditions enabling group effectiveness
    Characteristics of team excellence
    Effectiveness and Excellence
    None of the above.

1 points

QUESTION 9

  1. Leaders may reduce their team’s effectiveness if they:
    set priorities
    manage performance
    demonstrate technical competence
    overestimate the positive aspects of team performance

1 points

QUESTION 10

  1. According to Mcgrath’s critical leadership functions, what is the first question leaders should ask in order to understand the current state of the team’s functioning?
    Should I intervene to meet task or relational needs?
    Is there internal conflict between members of the team?
    Should I continue monitoring these factors, or should I take action based on the information I have already gathered and structured?
    Should I intervene internally or externally?

1 points

QUESTION 11

  1. According to McGrath’s critical leadership functions model, the second decision confronting a leader involves
    determining whether the team needs help in dealing with relational issues or task issues.
    determining what level of the team process needs leadership attention: internal leadership actions or external leadership actions.
    Both answers one and two
    None of the above

1 points

QUESTION 12

  1. According to McGrath’s critical leadership functions, if a leader is determining whether to intervene inside of the team or externally, he/she is considering which type of decision.
    Leadership decision 1
    Leadership decision 2
    Leadership decision 3
    Leadership decision 4

1 points

QUESTION 13

  1. Which list provides examples of internal task leadership actions?
    coaching, collaborating and managing conflict issues
    Facilitating decision making, training team members in task skills, and maintaining standards of excellence.
    Building commitment, satisfying individual member needs, and modeling ethical practices
    Sharing relevant environmental information with the team and networking and forming alliances.

1 points

QUESTION 14

  1. If a leader is negotiating upward to secure necessary resources support and recognition for their team, they are practicing which type of leadership action?
    External Environmental
    Internal relational
    Internal task
    None of the above

1 points

QUESTION 15

  1. What are some examples of assessment tools that the book mentions may be helpful in identifying challenges within a team and setting steps needed for action.
    The team excellence survey
    The full collaborative team leader instrument
    Both answers 1 and 2
    None of the above

1 points

QUESTION 16

  1. According to the book’s review of the data, which statement is not true?
    Women earn 57% of bachelor’s degrees and 60% of master’s degrees.
    Women earn more than half of the doctoral degrees.
    Women make up over half of the US labor force.
    Women are underrepresented in the upper echelons of American’s corporations and political systems.

1 points

QUESTION 17

  1. Which three explanations are generally given to understand the reasons for the gap for females in leadership positions.
    Education, work experience and work-home conflict
    Gender stereotypes, vulnerability and reactance
    commitment and motivation, self-promotion and negotiation traits.
    Human capital, gender differences, and prejudice.

1 points

QUESTION 18

  1. The gender gap in leadership can be attributed to the fact that:
    Women have less education than men.
    Women quit their jobs more than men do.
    Women opt out of the leadership track.
    Women have less work experience and more career interruptions than men.

1 points

QUESTION 19

  1. Meta-analyses point to general trends pointing to gender differences in leadership styles between men and women. Overall, women tend to lead with more _______
    democratic or participatory styles
    negotiation
    transformational leadership behaviors
    answers 1 and 3

1 points

QUESTION 20

  1. Role congruity theory refers to the cross-pressure to exhibit both
    Investment at home and at work
    Agentic qualities and communal qualities
    Decisive and rational
    None of the above

1 points

QUESTION 21

  1. This term describes the tendency for a group to reproduce itself in its own image:
    Token employee
    Homosocial reproduction
    Reactance response
    Intersectionality

1 points

QUESTION 22

  1. The book points to several factors that are contributing to an increase in effective female leaders. Which of the following describes how organizations are working to reduce the leadership gap?
    Valuing flexible work hours
    Assigning more women to high visibility positions
    Developing effective and supportive mentoring relationships for women.
    All of the above.

1 points

QUESTION 23

  1. The book calls for future research on gender and leadership to address which of the following areas:
    The interactive effects of multiple minority identities.
    Gender and leadership from a cross-cultural perspective.
    Closing the gender gap in the home.
    All of the above

1 points

QUESTION 24

  1. Globalization involves increased interdependence between nations in which of the following areas:
    economic and political
    social and technical
    both answers 1 and 2
    None of the above

1 points

QUESTION 25

  1. The learned beliefs, values, rules norms, symbols, and traditions common to a group of people that are shared and make a group unique describes which term:
    Diversity
    Culture
    Globalization
    None of the above

1 points

QUESTION 26

  1. Which of the following is not true about culture?
    It is dynamic
    It places one’s own group at the center of their observations of others and the world.
    It can be transmitted to others
    It includes customs and scripts for a group of people

1 points

QUESTION 27

  1. How should skilled leaders best respond to issues related to ethnocentrism?
    Confidence in their own way of doing things.
    Sensitivity to the legitimacy of the ways of other cultures.
    Avoid issues related to ethnocentrism.
    Both answers 1 and 2

1 points

QUESTION 28

  1. Pearson-task orientation refers to
    The degree to which cultures exhibit shared power as opposed to hierarchical power.
    The extent to which cultures emphasize human interaction as opposed to stressing tasks to be accomplished.
    The extent to which long term and short term orientation are considered.
    None of the above.

1 points

QUESTION 29

  1. The following is NOT true about the GLOBE studies
    The studies have generated a very large number of findings on the relationships between culture and leadership.
    They used prior research to create regional clusters.
    Globe researchers collect data only through questionnaires
    Its primary purpose is to increase understanding of cross-cultural interactions and the impact of culture on leadership effectiveness.

1 points

QUESTION 30

  1. Which of the 9 cultural dimensions identified by GLOBE involves the extent to which a society, organization, or group relies on established social norms, rituals, and procedures to avoid uncertainty.
    Uncertainty avoidance
    Individual collectivism
    In group collectivism
    Humane orientation

1 points

QUESTION 31

  1. According to GLOBE researchers, Iran is in which country cluster?
    Middle East
    Confucian Asia
    Southern Asia
    Eastern Europe

1 points

QUESTION 32

  1. Which cultural dimension had no clusters with a high score, according to GLOBE researchers?
    Institutional collectivism
    Uncertainty avoidance
    Power distance
    Humane orientation

1 points

QUESTION 33

  1. The purpose of the GLOBE culture cluster project was:
    To determine how people from different cultures viewed leadership.
    To determine the ways in which cultural characteristics were related to culturally endorsed leadership behaviors.
    To find out how differences in cultures were related to differences in approaches to leadership.
    All of the above

1 points

QUESTION 34

  1. Which of the following is NOT included in GLOBE’s global leadership behaviors?
    Charismatic/value-based leadership
    Team-oriented leadership
    Collective leadership
    Self-protective leadership

1 points

QUESTION 35

  1. Anglo countries desire leaders who are especially:
    Charismatic, participative, and humane
    Team oriented
    Autonomous
    Self protective

1 points

QUESTION 36

  1. Southern Asia’s desired leadership profile is simular to the profile of ____________.
    Sub-Saharan Africa
    Confucian Asia
    Germanic Europe
    The Middle East.

1 points

QUESTION 37

  1. Which of the following is a universally undesirable leadership attribute?
    Effective bargainer
    Self-protective
    Autonomous
    Nonexplicit

1 points

QUESTION 38

  1. Which of the following is NOT true of the GLOBE project?
    Data were collected by 170 social scientists, representing 62 countries from all regions of the world
    Participants included 17,300 managers in 951 organizations
    It provides a clear set of assumptions and propositions that can form a single theory about the way culture relates to leadership or influences the leadership process.
    The data emerges from a well developed quantitative research design.

1 points

QUESTION 39

  1. Implicit leadership theory was used by GLOBE to conceptualize leadership. This approach understands leadership as:
    the process of being perceived by others as a leader.
    involving a specific skill set
    the ability to transform people/situations
    All of the above

1 points

QUESTION 40

  1. Why is it useful to understand issues about culture?
    To help leaders understand their own cultural biases and preferences.
    To help communicate more effectively and accurately across cultural and geographic boundaries and become more empathetic.
    To better understand what it means to be a good leader.
    All of the above

1 points

QUESTION 41

  1. Which of the following traits are associated with charismatic leadership?
    intelligence, self-confidence
    physical attractiveness, height
    desire for power, desire to help others
    self-monitoring, impression management

1 points

QUESTION 42

  1. The underlying premise of emotional intelligence’s impact on leadership is ______.
    intelligence is the most essential part of leadership
    sensitivity to personal emotions is most important to positive leadership
    understanding one’s own and others’ emotions provides a base for impactful leadership
    emotional intelligence has minimal impact on effective leadership

1 points

QUESTION 43

  1. A major criticism of the trait approach is ______.
    its intuitive appeal
    there is no definitive list of leadership traits
    it highlights the leader component in the leadership process
    research on leadership traits is fairly new

1 points

QUESTION 44

  1. Which theory offers the strength of prescriptive value by telling a leader what he/she should and should not do in various contexts?
    The behavioral approach
    The situational approach
    The skills approach
    The trait approach

1 points

QUESTION 45

  1. Which theory shifted attention to follower needs and motivations?
    Leader-Member Exchange Theory
    Behavioral approach
    Transformational Leadership
    Path-Goal Theory

1 points

QUESTION 46

  1. Why is ethics central to leadership?
    The nature and process of influence.
    The need to engage followers in accomplishing mutual goals
    The impact leaders have on the organizations values.
    All of the above

1 points

QUESTION 47

  1. Training in servant leadership involves
    Self assessment
    Educational sessions
    Goal setting
    All of the above

1 points

QUESTION 48

  1. The five principles of ethical leadership described in the book can be traced to:
    Aristotle
    Immanuel Kant
    Robert Greenleaf
    Mother Theresa

1 points

QUESTION 49

  1. Which leadership style has been negatively related to outcomes such as effectiveness and satisfaction in organizations?
    Transformational Leadership
    Transactional leadership
    Laissez-faire leadership
    None of the above

1 points

QUESTION 50

  1. The Big Five consists of all of the following factors except ______.
    openness
    neuroticism
    conscientousness
    dominance

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