Software architecture documentation is a very important procedure supporting the maintenance process for the application developed (Cho et al., 2019). The architecture view is defined by ISO/IEC/IEEE 12207:2017 as a “work product expressing the architecture of a system from the perspective of specific system concerns” (Hagar, 2022). 4+1 view model organizes a software architecture in five concurrent views: logical view, process view, development view, physical view, and scenarios. The logical view describes the high-level components of the architecture in terms of the functional components as it pertains to the end-user (Kavakli et al., 2018). The physical view portrays the application as it relates to the software components as well as the physical connections between these components (Kavakli et al., 2018). The scenario view presents the functional requirements of the application in the form of use cases (Gasca-Hurtado et al., 2021). The development view presents the application from the standpoint of the programmer. The process view which is normally presented using sequence, communication, and activity diagrams focuses on the run-time behavior of the application.
Software architecture views make it easier to identify the requirements and scope of the application by providing visual models (Koc et al., 2021). Software architecture is intangible and abstract (Schreiber et al., 2019). Therefore, visualization of the architecture will aid in its comprehension to ensure that it is developed to satisfy the requirements. We can agree that the bible is the software architecture document (SDA) written by God the divine developer. The bible is so designed to provide Christians with the tools to develop their faith. Therefore, we can agree that Faith in God is one of many functional requirements of the bible.
The bible is replete with views that will help Christians implement the teachings of God into their lives and hence increase their faith. At a high level, the bible provides a logical view of what faith in God entails with the following passages: “Trust in the Lord with all your heart, and do not lean on your own understanding. In all your ways acknowledge him, and he will make straight your paths.” (English Standard Version, 2020, Proverbs 3:5-6), “For we walk by faith, not by sight.” (English Standard Version, 2020, 2 Corinthians 5:7), and “For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, not a result of works, so that no one may boast.” (English Standard Version, 2020, 2 Ephesians 2:8-9).
We can agree that like software architecture the biblical faith is abstract and hence it requires visualizations to help each Christian to better understand this requirement of divine application. The bible uses scenarios to provide Christians with a better understanding of what Faith in God entails. The following passages will portray how the bible uses the scenario view to better present the biblical architecture to its reader: “Because the king’s order was urgent and the furnace overheated, the flame of the fire killed those men who took up Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego. And these three men, Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, fell bound into the burning fiery furnace. Then King Nebuchadnezzar was astonished and rose up in haste. He declared to his counselors, “Did we not cast three men bound into the fire?” They answered and said to the king, “True, O king.” He answered and said, “But I see four men unbound, walking in the midst of the fire, and they are not hurt; and the appearance of the fourth is like a son of the gods.” (English Standard Version, 2020, Daniel 3:22-24), “ So he went and did according to the word of the Lord. He went and lived by the brook Cherith that is east of the Jordan. And the ravens brought him bread and meat in the morning, and bread and meat in the evening, and he drank from the brook” (English Standard Version, 2020, 1 Kings 17:1-7), and “And behold, a woman who had suffered from a discharge of blood for twelve years came up behind him and touched the fringe of his garment, for she said to herself, “If I only touch his garment, I will be made well.” Jesus turned, and seeing her he said, “Take heart, daughter; your faith has made you well.” And instantly the woman was made well.” (English Standard Version, 2020, Matthew 9:20-22).
The bible also provides a process view on how Christians will acquire and develop their faith. Some notable scriptures that present a process view are, “If any of you lacks wisdom, let him ask God, who gives generously to all without reproach, and it will be given him.”( English Standard Version, 2020, James 1:5), “Do not merely listen to the word, and so deceive yourselves. Do what it says.” (New International Version, 2020, James 1:22 ), and “Casting all your anxieties on him, because he cares for you.”( English Standard Version, 2020, 1 Peter 5:7), and “Rejoice in hope, be patient in tribulation, be constant in prayer. ( English Standard Version, 2020, Romans 12:12 )
In closing, the bible has several examples of views like those presented in software architecture. Just as the views in software architecture aid the developer in meeting user requirements so do the views presented by the bible helps Christians to grow in their spiritual life.
(Links to an external site.)
Cho, C., Lee, K. S., Lee, M., & Lee, C. G. (2019). Software architecture module-view recovery using cluster ensembles. IEEE Access, 7, 72872-72884.
English Standard Version Bible. (2020). Holman Bible Publishers.
Gasca-Hurtado, G. P., Gómez-Álvarez, M. C., Hincapié, J. A., & Zepeda, V. V. (2021). Gamification of an Educational Environment in Software Engineering: Case Study for Digital Accessibility of People with Disabilities. IEEE Revista Iberoamericana de Tecnologias del Aprendizaje, 16(4), 382-392.
Hagar, J. D. (2022, April). Software Architecture Elements Applied to Software Test: View, Viewpoints and Containers. In 2022 IEEE International Conference on Software Testing, Verification and Validation Workshops (ICSTW) (pp. 248-252). IEEE.
Kavakli, E., Buenabad-Chavez, J., Tountopoulos, V., Loucopoulos, P., & Sakellariou, R. (2018, October). Specification of a software architecture for an industry 4.0 environment. In 2018 Sixth International Conference on Enterprise Systems (ES) (pp. 36-43). IEEE.
Koç, H., Erdoğan, A. M., Barjakly, Y., & Peker, S. (2021). UML diagrams in software engineering research: a systematic literature review. Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute Proceedings, 74(1), 13.
New International Version Bible. (2020). Holman Bible Publishers.
Schreiber, A., Nafeie, L., Baranowski, A., Seipel, P., & Misiak, M. (2019, March). Visualization of software architectures in virtual reality and augmented reality. In 2019 IEEE Aerospace Conference (pp. 1-12). IEEE.
Software architects are tasked with the development and design of new projects when they arise. They must take into account every detail of the project deciding what technologies are to be used in the development and even how those technologies should operate. They also layout other aspects of the project that concern smaller topics, like security approaches, technology versions and even personnel in some instances. As a result of being one of the single points of authority within a technology project, the ability to communicate the decisions their decisions becomes extremely important. In order to better communicate the decisions that are made documentation of the system and the decisions are critical.
The role of documentation within the technology space is can make or break the project in many different ways. Documentations cover many different aspects and views requiring multiple versions that contain the best information relevant to that audience. In the event that the project or system doesn’t not have proper documentation, this can result in long-lasting negative effects throughout that software life cycle. Poor documentation can result in the inability to implement the technology, inadequate IT infrastructure, and system maintenance.
The bible just like technology documents often times incorporates a variety of different views. The primary purpose of providing documentation in different views is to allow for a better understanding of the topics that those documents cover. One example that we see of views being taken into concern can be found in the multiple versions Bible. In the Christian faith, there are a variety of different types of Bibles that are utilized by the practitioners of the religion. The most popular versions of the Bible within the United States are The New Revised Standard Version(Catholic Bible), King James Version(Protestant), and New international version(baptist). In most cases, the cause of these different versions is a result of new translations that have been done, but in some major cases can be the result of additions to the book itself. The Bible has seen many different translations with some of the most recent being done within the 1970’s, the purpose of these translations are to provide an easier-to-understand scripture that better fits the spoken language of that time(Maxey,2001).
One example is the Catholic Bible, the Catholic Bible possess some major difference that can not be found in other versions of the book. This bible is the only version that has old testaments books that more modern translations do not possess. The reason for these additions is a result of the core beliefs that Catholics hold and felt that the additional scripture fit within those particular beliefs.
Maxey, J. A. (2009). From orality to orality: A new paradigm for contextual translation of the Bible (Vol. 2). Wipf and Stock Publishers.