QuestionQuestion 1 2 / 2 pointsPong-tai is a 12-month-old child who is being treated with amoxicillin for acute otitis media. His parents call the clinic and say he has developed diarrhea. The appropriate action would be to:Question options:Advise the parents that some diarrhea is normal with amoxicillin and recommend probiotics daily.Change the antibiotic to one that is less of a gastrointestinal irritant.Order stool cultures for suspected viral pathogens not treated by the amoxicillin.Recommend increased fluids and fiber in his diet.Question 2 2 / 2 pointsTo prevent further development of antibacterial resistance it is recommended that fluoroquinolones be reserved for treatment of:Question options:Urinary tract infections in young womenUpper respiratory infections in adultsSkin and soft tissue infections in adultsCommunity-acquired pneumonia in patients with comorbiditiesQuestion 3 2 / 2 pointsTreatment for suspected gonorrhea is:Question options:Ceftriaxone 250 mg IM x 1Ceftriaxone 2 grams IM x 1Ciprofloxacin 500 mg PO x 1Doxycycline 100 mg bid x 7 daysQuestion 4 2 / 2 pointsIf a woman presents with recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis she may be treated with:Question options:Weekly intravaginal butoconazole for 3 monthsFluconazole 150 mg PO daily x 7 doses then monthly for 6 monthsWeekly fluconazole 150 mg PO x 6 monthsIntravaginal tioconazole x 14 daysQuestion 5 2 / 2 pointsBilal is a 5-year-old patient who has been diagnosed with tuberculosis. His treatment would include:Question options:PyridoxineEthambutolLevofloxacinRifabutinQuestion 6 2 / 2 pointsIsabella has confirmed tuberculosis and is placed on a 6-month treatment regimen. The 6-month regimen consists of:Question options:Two months of four-drug therapy (INH, rifampin, pyrazinamide, and ethambutol) followed by Four months of INH and rifampinSix months of INH with daily pyridoxine throughout therapySix months of INH, rifampin, pyrazinamide, and ethambutolAny of the aboveQuestion 7 2 / 2 pointsFirst-line therapy for a patient with acute otitis externa (swimmer’s ear) and an intact tympanic membrane includes:Question options:Swim-Ear dropsCiprofloxacin and hydrocortisone dropsAmoxicillinGentamicin ophthalmic dropsQuestion 8 2 / 2 pointsThe length of treatment for sinusitis in a low-risk patient should be:Question options:5–7 days7–10 days14–21 days7 days beyond when symptoms ceaseQuestion 9 2 / 2 pointsNicole is a 4-year-old female with a febrile urinary tract infection (UTI). She is generally healthy and has no drug allergies. Appropriate initial therapy for her UTI would be:Question options:AzithromycinTrimethoprim/sulfamethoxazoleCeftriaxoneCiprofloxacinQuestion 10 2 / 2 pointsJuanita is a 28-year-old pregnant woman at 38 weeks’ gestation who is diagnosed with a lower urinary tract infection (UTI). She is healthy with no drug allergies. Appropriate first-line therapy for her UTI would be:Question options:AzithromycinTrimethoprim/sulfamethoxazoleAmoxicillinCiprofloxacin
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